These found poems are drawn from interviews with elderly citizens of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation recorded in 1937-38 as part of the Indian-Pioneer History Project sponsored by the federal Works Progress Administration and archived at the Oklahoma Historical Society and the University of Oklahoma. You can read more about this project at Tribal College and Reckoning. —Eds.

1 the mvskoke indians settled along the creeks so as to be on good land for their corn hunting was better near water and their herbs mostly grew there and there was water for them to use and trees to build with and to burn their being along the creeks caused the white people to call them creeks and that name was finally given to them in the place of their own 2 we are not creeks were the words of the indians who were so named because they were found living and inhabitating the old country where there were numerous small and large streams of water although these indians were known as belonging to the creek confederacy they resented the name their resentment of the name was mostly because the waters of any of the creeks would at some time dry up each indian member was very proud of the town name to which they belonged some towns boasted of many members and were powerful in standing for their rights it was back in the old country that the early tribal town members chose the names for their tribal town they would always select a name that was not easily crushed but something solid that would exist through thick and thin and end in victory 3 back in georgia long years before the indians were moved to the indian territory in a wooded place along the coosa river some of the indians of the mvskoke tribe were gathered to form a new and separate town this wooded place along the river was a favorite haven for the crane wvko rakko it was here that the crane wvko rakko laid their eggs and multiplied the indians had selected this place for a gathering for the purpose of selecting a name for the new town about to be organized it seemed that a suitable name could not be readily decided on when an old woman spoke up and suggested the name of wvkokaye meaning hatching or laying place of the crane this name was accepted William Benson, b. ca. 1875 Tom Simpkins, b. ca. 1874 Willie Harjo, b. ca. 1870

JAMES TREAT is the author of Around the Sacred Fire: Native Religious Activism in the Red Power Era and the editor of several volumes of native literature. His essays and poems have appeared in American Indian Culture and Research Journal, American Quarterly, Contemporary Verse 2, Cultural Survival Quarterly, Fourth Genre, Indian Country Today, Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment, Muscogee Nation News, Native Americas, Orion, Studies in American Indian Literature, Tribal College Journal, Verbatim Found Poetry, and other academic and literary journals. Treat is an enrolled citizen of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. More information about his work is available at his website.